The Biblical Feasts
In Psalm 104:19 we read that G-d made the moon to mark the seasons and the sun knows its time for setting. In other words, there are sacred times that G-d sets for us. The Hebrew word for this is Moed which means appointed time. There are multiple moadim listed in the Bible.
In Leviticus 23 we read:
The Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘These are my appointed festivals, the appointed festivals of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies."
The chapter goes on to list the feast.
Interestingly, the first day listed is the weekly holiday of Shabbat (Sabbath) on the 7th day of each week.
Pesach (Passover) Nisan 15
Chag HaMatzot (Unleavened Bread) Nisan 15-22
Sefirat HaOmer (Counting of the Omer) Nisan 16-Sivan 5
Yom HaBikkurim (Day of Firstfruits) Nisan 27
Shavuot (Pentecost) Sivan 6-7
High Holy Days
Yom Teruah (Day of the Trumpets/judgements) Tishri 1
Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) Tishri 10
Sukkot (Tabernacles/booths) Tishri 15-21
Hoshana Rabba (7th day of Sukkot) Tishri 21
Shemini Atzeret (8th day of assembly following Sukkot) Tishri 22
There are other holidays celebrated on the Jewish calendar such as Hanukkah and Purim, however,they are not biblicaly commanded.
All of Israel is commanded to celebrate these as a “statute forever throughout your generations” (Leviticus 23)
Today, many believers have either never been taught the meaning of these appointed times or have decided that they do not apply since the Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) came.
Yeshua stated in John 14:15, "If you love me you will keep my commandments." Rabbi Shaul, commonly known as the apostle Paul, wrote to the community at Ephesus the following:
Ephesians 2:18-19, "For through him (Yeshua) we both (Jew and Gentile) have access in one Spirit to the Father. So then you (Gentile) are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members (Jews) of the household of God." (Parenthesis have been added)
This household of G-d is a place that does not replace the unique gift of the individual or the culture the individual represents. Rather we all bring our flavor to the Kingdom. We are all privileged to worship in the distinct way G-d has created us and the community He has placed us in. We also get the joy of joining together during certain seasons under the command of the L-rd.
We are blessed to celebrate the Biblical Feasts of the L-rd together with people from all different walks of life. Yeshua (Jesus) celebrated these great times when he walked the earth. The disciples continued to do this after the resurrection and the early messianic community kept the feasts until they were outlawed, however, many Jewish families continued to quietly celebrate the feasts, preserving them for believers today.
Today we can lift up the name of Yeshua and glorify G-d publicly as we gather on His appointed time.